Chairman speech Corner

The road to peace - Global environmental system design theory 13 (Building an autonomous decentralized control society)

The road to peace - Global environmental system design theory (building an autonomous decentralized control society)

Chairman of the World NGO Peace Ambassadors Council

Katsuyuki Kawaguchi, Chairman of the Japan-Korea Tunnel Promotion Nagasaki Council

12. Summary: The last economic frontier, the Eurasian continent, and the development of the heartland

We have entered an era in which specialization has progressed to an extreme level, making it difficult for even experts to make big-picture decisions. It is at times like these that we introduce intelligent design (optimal design theory), which can integrate religion, art, and science and technology, and solve problems using "collective intelligence" using artificial general intelligence (big data). I have described solution methodologies (for example, inequality and poverty). The keyword is the construction of an autonomous decentralized control society. Finally, let us specifically consider the optimal design (collaboration) of component technologies in an era of "struggle" between land countries and maritime countries. For Japan, the ``worst-case scenario'' is for Russia and China to form an alliance and direct artillery batteries at the Japanese archipelago. Although there is a problem with Ukraine, it is not a good idea to block any escape routes and force Russia and China into an alliance in the end. We should start cultivating Eurasia and the world islands, aiming for global "cooperation."


12.1 Design of autonomous distributed control network using distributed energy application system

First, in order to cultivate the ``sensitivity and physical knowledge'' that will help students avoid making mistakes in their starting point and direction, they must be taught ``science and technology as a practical experience.'' This gives us the potential to evoke images of ``realization, discovery'' and ``creativity.''


(1) The end of the era of "collecting" - Failure and revival of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry's energy policy -

The theory of using distributed energy as an alternative technology to Japan's nuclear power has been commented on by Amory Robbins of the Rocky Mountain Research Institute in the US, but due to the failure of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry's policy of ``earning money from finance rather than industry'', developed countries Located at the bottom of the pack. The amount of electricity introduced by distributed energy in Japan is 1/9th to 1/10th that of Germany. However, its amount of resources is nine times that of Germany. The ratio of forest area to the country's land is the third highest in the world, and thanks to this, delicious fish and shellfish can be caught in the seas around Japan, but biomass power generation is almost indispensable, and even though Japan is a country of water, Production methods suitable for Japan that can also store energy, such as pumped-storage circulating hydroelectric power generation, have not yet taken root. Furthermore, although geothermal energy is one of the world's leading resources and can be operated steadily, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry only focuses on nuclear power plants with low operating rates. Furthermore, we have not even touched upon the design of urban buildings, such as the optimal structure of insulation and refrigerant, the use of rooftop solar panels and heat pumps, the prevention of heat land, and the design of compact cities that are optimal for living. Amory Robbins points out that this is because the postwar monopoly system of energy production and sales by nine electric power companies denied competition and hindered the spread of energy use.


In the ``age of great disasters'', Gohyakutoshin says that the recent ``heavenly and earthly changes'' are the same as ``national disasters'' such as the ``Mongol invasion'' in 4th year of Koan. If it is a national crisis caused by human activities, there is a possibility of overcoming it. Human beings do not have a real sense of ``changes in history.'' Humans want to be ``lions standing in the wind.'' For example, when we look at the economy, no one realizes that when profits reach saturation, the flow of money becomes a nonlinear phenomenon, and conventional economic laws no longer hold.


The United States, which had adopted a policy of respecting "management," has further shifted to a system of "earning money through financial economics rather than industry," and has become a society centered on stock profits, where physicists spend all their money on Wall Street. It became. As a result, more than 5 million manufacturers disappeared. Ordinary banks, investment banks, financial and economic stakeholders, and investors all carry out the common act of "making money", and there is no "person" who can judge from the outside whether the strategy adopted is correct or not, and everyone He passed away from the same illness at the same time. The economic collapse of 2008.


In short, all "collecting" became the same environment, autonomous decentralized control stopped working, and it collapsed. Beyond the intentions of those involved, the people become like Shakespeare's Shylock, the Merchant of Venice, and everything leads to a new era.


Profits have become saturated and the modern growth system has become dysfunctional. As soon as we gave up on the highly failed prototype reactor "Monju," why did a higher-level demonstration reactor come back to life? I don't understand anything about the hierarchy of technology. This is always the case with politicians and bureaucracies that do not understand science and technology in real terms. We are far from experiencing the ``lost 20 years,'' and we cannot escape from deflation. Blinded by neoliberalism, they refuse to recognize the problem as a problem. ``This is the only way forward'' is the development of the last economic frontier, Eurasia, and the heartland.


(2) Design and development of cultural science and technology - Recommendations to the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

It is a natural conclusion from the previous discussions that Japan should aim for an autonomous decentralized control society based on decentralized energy systems similar to biological systems. Specifically, we will summarize the optimal design and development themes that form the core of global environmental system design theory. This is an urgent and eternal theme that must be addressed to the global world.


▶In order to experience that Japan is a country that is prone to such natural disasters, elementary school students will be given ``experiential learning'' at disaster sites. The budget will stop English education. There is no need for ``children'' to learn a language in which ``we lose but we win'' and ``there is no mercy.''

By doing this, you can see what houses are broken and what is not, and you can experience intelligent design and training. This will be an experiential learning experience that will prevent children from falling away from science and technology and from becoming poor.


▶Application of Japan's proud shield method tunnel excavation technology - Development of disaster prevention and safety design technology

The technology that enables safe tunnel excavation can also be used as evacuation centers, shelters, underground societies, waterways, and supply routes, and if used properly, it can also become a tool for social development, disaster prevention, and regeneration routes.


▶The sublimity of Mt. Fuji and energy production - degassing the volcanic mountains to generate electricity and prevent disasters

My dream is to harness the beauty and spirituality of Mt. Fuji and the power of its magma. Once it explodes, the damage is immeasurable. The main purpose of the design is to ``prevent and reduce the frequency of eruptions'' of volcanic mountain eruptive systems, and use the ejected gas for ``cogeneration gas turbines'' and steam for ``geothermal power generation'' to create a regional revitalization model. We propose that ``energy production and preservation of cultural heritage through enhanced safety'' be established from a long-term perspective.


Japan's "shield tunnel excavation technology" is the best in the world. By using monitoring and this "shield tunnel machine," work can be performed with a high degree of safety.


(3) Developing the Eurasian Economic Zone through the Japan-Korea Tunnel - Building the Heartland International Energy Highway

China's land and sea energy corridor has been launched. The Japan-Korea tunnel should be built as the ``core'' path to ``cooperation'' between land and sea countries. In economics, where decisions are made by someone other than you, you become the victim, but you are not responsible. Decisions should be made based on truth and based on intelligent design (optimal design theory). Japan must respond to the ``anti-intellectualism'' and hate speech that are spreading all over the world with the ``sensibility'' of ``Fujiyama's sublimity.'' In other words, it is nothing other than ``a feeling and acceptance of impermanence, which is the principle of all things, love and creation for what arises from this, and a denial of regret.'' Fujiyama's sublime nature swallows up such things. This is the spirit of Nagasaki, the city of atomic bombs, the city of peace, and the city of prayer.


In other words, we must mutually improve ourselves through ``construction of a Japan-Korea tunnel through cooperation between Japanese and Korean people,'' and set a course for building an ``autonomous decentralized control society'' for the earth.


(4) Transformation of Japan's energy industry structure - Heartland (world island) energy production, consumption and circulation

Heartland energy production, distribution, and circulation will be carried out through joint development with Russia, China, and Mongolia. The means to achieve this is energy management, which will be described later. For gas/oil, a pipeline will be built to Hokkaido via Sakhalin, converting to a distributed energy system that does not rely on nuclear power plants.


Which is smarter: building a boat to transport heavy oil from the Middle East, hiring people, and transporting it nearly half way around the world, or delivering electricity instantly using electric current? In Japan, power semiconductors (SiC) have been developed and put into practical use* to greatly reduce losses in high-voltage transmitted power.


The southwestern part of the Japanese archipelago is connected to Tsushima and Iki via the Japan-Korea Tunnel, a smart grid that allows each country to exchange electricity produced by the East Asia Power Network (distributed energy, wind, solar, hydropower, tidal power, biomass, etc.). It will be connected to Kyushu via the route. Technically, this is called an energy management system, but it corresponds to an autonomous distributed control system, a brain that controls energy consumption, production, and distribution according to the environment and time.


12.2 Energy management system (Great East Japan Earthquake, nuclear power generation, and the future of Japan's energy system, Katsuyuki Kawaguchi, "World Peace Research", NO.190, 2011) - Optimal design and control of production, management, distribution, and transportation


We carry out comprehensive management of energy, including load leveling (power peak cutting), energy saving, and other optimal designs for distributed energy as a whole, according to local demand. This is a system that acquires data on seasonal and regional fluctuations in household power and gas consumption, devises annual demand forecasts, and transmits and distributes electricity. An example of an energy management system with sodium or lithium-ion battery energy storage is shown in Figure 12.1.


We will respond to fluctuations in the output of wind power generation and solar power generation using various types of distributed energy and implement optimal designs. A storage battery will be installed to store excess electricity in the storage battery on the demand side and grid side. The storage battery is charged with electricity late at night, and the electricity, wind, and solar power is used during the day.


By applying such an autonomous decentralized control mechanism, the northern side of Japan will utilize the energy circulation and utilization of natural gas or oil obtained through joint development in Siberia via a "pipeline" to Hokkaido via southern Sakhalin. It is in the form of a line. The most promising option for the southern corridor is to capture the winds of the Gobi desert in southern Mongolia, generate wind power, and distribute it to Kyushu via the Japan-Korea Tunnel.



Figure 12.1 Design of production, distribution and transportation according to energy management system, region and environment

Some modified quotations (Watanabe 2010)


SoftBank estimates that even excluding the windless Gobi Desert, it is possible to generate 7 to 10 million kilowatts of electricity, equivalent to the power of 7 to 10 nuclear power plants. The cost of wind power generation in Mongolia is 2 to 3 yen/kwh, and even including the cost of grid transmission to Japan, it is less than 10 yen/kwh, which is cheaper than nuclear power or other power generation. Japan's electricity rates, which are the highest in the world, will be lower than those in the United States, the CO2 problem will be solved, and economic growth and employment can be maintained.


12.3 Responding to the hydrogen era - High calorie gasification production and power generation from food residues and biomass

Since Heartland Energy Production is a distributed energy utilization system, it also includes the development of distributed energy equipment. It goes without saying that distributed energy production is more productive than centralized energy production, but nuclear power and steam turbines use large amounts of water as a working fluid, making them unsuitable for rough terrain, and gas Turbines, diesel engines, and gas engines are adaptable. These prime movers are approaching their practical design limits, and it goes without saying that an optimal management system for natural energy and distributed energy is essential.


At the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake, I used 70% of the debris from wood to produce debris disposal and cogeneration gas turbines using the Nagasaki method of high-calorie gasification power generation. We proposed to the government technology for adapting to the project and efficiently co-generating electricity and heat for local production and consumption. The high-calorie gas produced by this method mainly contains a large amount of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, methane, etc., and the fuel consumption is greatly reduced. (Refer to ``Study on ``Pages 417-422).


Current hydrogen production involves extracting hydrogen from fossil fuels through an aqueous reaction, but this does not lead to reductions in carbon dioxide emissions. A permanent method is to use solar and wind power to electrolyze water and create hydrogen. The Bush administration's initiative to extract fuel (ethanol) from food (corn) involves alcohol fermentation, which results in low productivity (efficiency). It is an intelligent design that fulfills divine will. High-calorie gases (H2, CO, CH4) used in high-efficiency power generation and cogeneration gas turbines are residues generated from agriculture, fisheries, forestry, and related service industries. This cycle of energy production and consumption is shown in Figure 12.2. The figure also shows the Nagasaki method for producing high-calorie gas, but methanol (the liquid fuel closest to hydrogen) can be produced by simply applying a little pressure to the high-calorie gas and passing it through a catalyst. , ``Research on the expression of human inner sensitivity'', pp. 417-422). Half of the dry weight of biomass can be converted into methanol fuel. This can be used as a mobile fuel, and the hydrogen era will begin from there.


“A chain is only as strong as its weakest link, and life is, after all, a series of chains.”

william james



The arrow indicates Nagasaki method high calorie gasification production. The entire amount of biomass powder is converted into high-calorie gas (H2, CO, CH4) using high-temperature steam.

Figure 12.2
(From research on the expression of human inner sensitivity)


≪Human folly will bring about the end of the earth≫

``Earth History of Extinction,'' written by Masaki Sawano and selected by Kodansha, is an exciting book that treats the history of the earth from the Big Bang to the present day not as a natural science, but as a history and humanities.


The 21st century is an era in which human activities have brought about decisive changes in the historical state of the global environment. Long before that time arrives, the end of the earth will come due to human folly.


If you make the wrong choice at the moment when you have to part ways, you will follow the path to destruction. What humans are doing now is so dangerous to the fate of the Earth.


What the United States, the world's most influential country, must do now is start discussions with the world's intelligent design experts about a solution to globalism's excesses: mutually cooperative protectionism rather than competition. The time has come. We need to figure out how to train workers to fill the jobs left vacant by the disappearance of manufacturing.


In the words of Kyoto University professor Hiroshi Nakanishi, the modern world is smart people can manage the emotions and social order of other people, much like the ``big stories'' of the past. It can be said that this shows that it is ``deadly conceit.'' The world in the future is likely to face the greatest challenges since World War II.


There is nothing more scary than belief. ``What was once impossible and unrealistic is now possible.'' Common sense in the world is changing. ``In order to do the right thing, we must know what is true,'' Huxley and Kosuke Motani argue.


The problem is that no matter how much time passes, accurate knowledge of the facts does not spread throughout the country, so no correct response action is taken. This is the prelude to the ``Global History of Extinction''.


To put it in emotional and technical terms, Agatha Christie's ``And Then There Were None'', which I read as a boy, comes to mind, and an image of each person disappearing comes to mind.



Cited references

(1) Katsuyuki Kawaguchi, “Global Environmental System Design Theory” (revised and expanded edition), Kyushu University Press 1996

(2) Katsuyuki Kawaguchi, “Research on the expression of human inner sensitivity” (revised and expanded edition), Creative Design Society, 2010

(3) Michi Nishigaki, “Shapes of knowledge created by users”, Deepening collective knowledge, Kadokawa Gakugei Publishing, 2015

(4) Eisuke Sakakibara, Kazuo Mizuno, “The End of Capitalism and the World Beyond” Shisosha, 2016


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