It goes without saying that the construction of the Japan-Korea Tunnel will have a huge impact on the revitalization of the planned area.Unless we proceed with the plan while striving for harmony with the natural environment and promotion of local industries, we will not be able to obtain the approval of the local people.Iki and Tsushima, these two islands are quite different in area, but they have much in common.Both are lined up like stepping stones between Japan and South Korea, and have long been important points on the sea route, and are said to have been counted as one of the eight power countries of the Saikaido as Iki and Tsushima, respectively.
The characteristics of Iki and Tsushima are, in a nutshell, Iki is "feminine" and Tsushima is "masculine".The former has almost no mountains and is gentle, but the latter has an extremely steep mountain range, and it can be said that the entire island is almost continuous with mountains.Even with such different terrain, both islands have in common the beauty of the coastline.The sharp cliffs, intricate bays and coves of all sizes, and the emerald green and cobalt blue seas contrast with the deep green inland of the island and are truly beautiful.Both islands were designated as "Iki-Tsushima National Monument" in XNUMX, and their scenic beauty welcomes many tourists under public protection in the form of national recognition.
In this way, Iki and Tsushima are currently located in the same Nagasaki prefecture, with a population of about XNUMX and suffering from depopulation, but after the opening of the Japan-Korea Tunnel, both islands have changed. , Must follow a completely different path of development.This is because the more you observe the islands and analyze their positioning in three dimensions, the more you can see that the two islands are different and at the same time have distinctive characteristics.
Next, I would like to envision a realistic future image of the islands while extracting and highlighting the problems of each of the two islands and extracting the merits and possibilities.
First, let's take a look at Iki Island.Iki consists of four towns.Gonoura, Ishida, Ashibe and Katsumoto.The prefectural branch office is located in [Gonoura Town] and is the center of administration, culture and education of the island.It has a population of XNUMX and an area of XNUMX kmXNUMX.In the history of Gonoura, at the end of the XNUMXth century, Mr. Hata unified Iki and built a castle in Takefusui centering on Kamedake Castle.In Gonoura, there is Gonoura Onsen (XNUMX degrees, salt spring), and sightseeing spots include Takenotsuji and Saruiwa.You can get a good view from Takenotsuji on a small hill, and you can see Tsushima from a distance.
[Ishida Town] has a population of XNUMX and an area of XNUMX kmXNUMX.There is an airport in the town.Yasuzaemon Matsunaga, the king of electric power, is from this town, and there is a Matsunaga Memorial Hall near his birthplace.Livestock is thriving in the industry, and Japanese beef (for meat) is famous.There are also many orchards, and the coast is blessed with fishing spots.
[Ashibe-cho] is where the national government was located in ancient times, and there are Ankokuji Temple, the ancient battlefield of the Mongol invasion, and the beautiful Sakyobana on the coast, and the large community of Iwadarenezu is designated as a natural monument.It has a population of XNUMX and an area of XNUMX kmXNUMX.
[Katsumoto Town] has Yunomoto Onsen (XNUMX-XNUMX degrees Celsius, salt spring), and there is a small fishing port in the beautiful cove, which is blessed with an environment as a resort.It has a population of XNUMX and an area of XNUMX kmXNUMX.
As mentioned above, the four towns clearly divide the island into four, and each has its own characteristics.The common feature of the four towns is that they have a port and have developed around the port town, and that they have a beautiful coastline with many comings and goings.
Next, let's extract the problems of the four towns and look at the future of Iki Island.
First, if you list the problems and issues of the four towns,
(XNUMX) As a common problem for all four towns, the population is flat or slightly decreasing.In addition, the population is aging.The outflow of young people is conspicuous, and measures for U-turns are eagerly desired.
(XNUMX) It seems that the balance of the entire four towns is maintained too much by restraining each other rather than competing with each other, and the "image of Iki" is diminished.Through the mutual efforts of the four towns, the total image of the island must be improved.
③ The island is extremely flat, and all the ground surface is composed of gentle hills, plains and forests.However, at present, no ingenuity has been seen in land use, and there are no highways, so it is really unclear and difficult to understand.There is an urgent need to create a master plan for the entire four towns, and correct development is urgently desired for the island.When creating a master plan, consider the construction of a Japan-Korea tunnel as a prerequisite.
(XNUMX) One of the major factors hindering the development of the island is the daily activities of Fukuoka City as the economic mother city, Nagasaki City as the administrative mother city, and Karatsu as the geographical mother city. There is a contradiction that it straddles the three prefectures of Fukuoka, Nagasaki, and Saga.Unless this is divided more clearly, the future of the island will become more complex.
(XNUMX) Iki's unique industries at present, such as shochu, Japanese beef, and fruit trees, should be utilized to introduce new industries that will help improve the image of the island.In addition, the scenic coastline, bays, and small ports, which have a lot of traffic, have the conditions of a marine recreation base.We should make more use of these.
⑥ Development projects are relatively easy on flat terrain.The location of the area facing the villa area could function as a suburban residential area in Fukuoka City when connected to Kyushu by a tunnel in the future.In addition, sports facilities attached to residential areas may be placed at appropriate locations on the island, such as tennis courts, golf courses, swimming pools, and soccer fields.
Iki Shimachi should aim to create a system that can absorb tourists while making the best use of each characteristic as a resort area with sports facilities and promoting the local industry.Gonoura is a resort residential area that makes use of hot springs, Ishida is a local industry, Katsumoto is a health, medical and educational facility, and Ashibe is a sports facility.Of course, it goes without saying that they are related to each other and cooperate with each other to aim for the development of an integrated island.
[Resort residential area] It is positioned as a suburban residential area in an economical mother city such as Fukuoka City, or as a weekend residential area.In this case, it is essential to add sports facilities, and it is desirable that health facilities and hot spring facilities are also located around the district.The house is a resort-type single-family house with a large garden of XNUMX tsubo on average.
[Fostering local industries] In order to promote local industries such as shochu, Japanese beef (beef cattle), and fruit trees, it is conceivable to set up a steak restaurant linked to tourism and brew local wine.
[Construction to attract facilities] Since the climate is warm and there are hot springs, it is promising to attract silver facilities for an aging society.Long-term accommodation facilities including medical care for the elderly and housing for the elderly.It is also conceivable to attract and construct health facilities (such as Kurhaus using hot springs) equipped with pollution-free high-tech industrial research institutes, physical fitness measurements related to sports facilities, and fitness facilities.
[Construction of various sports facilities] Currently, there is only one golf course on the island, but considering the topography of the island, it is possible to construct several golf courses.In addition, because the environment is suitable for training camps for athletes, the ground currently used for training camps for university sports clubs has been expanded to include tennis courts, soccer fields, baseball fields, pools, gateball fields, etc. It may also be taken into consideration for people.
[Marina construction] The coastal area of the main island has many entrances and exits, and there are many coves, and it is blessed with natural marina facilities.It is possible to build one or more marina in each of the four towns.
[Installation of marathon course] The entire circumference of the main island is about XNUMXkm.A XNUMXkm full marathon course will be built there so that the annual "Iki Marathon" can be held as a national or international event as an event for the entire town.
From the above, if you list the future themes of the four towns,
① Have the characteristics of each of the four towns
To have the charm and individuality of each town.
② Have a unified image of the four towns
A total image that combines the four towns is required.I want an image that gives a clear answer to the question of what kind of island Iki is in a nutshell.
③ Keeping the balance of the four towns
It is not good if only one town is overtaken, and it is important to maintain a certain balance between the four towns.
④ Having the "face" of the four towns
Gonoura-cho, which is the current center, will enhance its function as a center in both name and reality as its front door.Therefore, it is necessary to complete not only administrative facilities but also cultural, commercial, information, and educational facilities.And road traffic to the other three towns must be smoother.
The official website of the city.Administrative information, event calendar, tourist attraction information.
Development and prospects of the Iki / Tsushima area
Overview of the Japan-Korea Tunnel