Chairman of the World NGO Peace Ambassadors Council
Katsuyuki Kawaguchi, Chairman of the Japan-Korea Tunnel Promotion Nagasaki Council
How can we make national projects successful?
Democracy and capitalism were a good match. Up until now, it was sufficient to distribute the profits. However, the time has come when a change in consciousness is required. Create a ``100-year national plan'' that excites young people, like the Meiji Restoration, and improve yourself by carrying it out. ) to design the best system for world peace and production and consumption. This is the gist of ``Global Environmental System Design Theory''.
Perhaps this is an example of an answer to the current economic order, which is leading to environmental destruction and the supremacy of profit, which can be called the declaration of the Earth's crisis by Queen Elizabeth and the Pope. And it will become an ordered means by integrating religion, art, science and technology that transcends economics. Ultimately, we must approach this as a ``complex adaptive system'' based on the finite nature of humans.
This is because although democracy has long been said to be a universal form of government, there has recently been a lack of common understanding as to what is considered the fundamental principle of democracy.
As Emmanuel Todd has said, the sense of unity and solidarity of ``we the people'' is no longer established, and the heterogeneity, especially the disparity, is appearing among the people and citizens. In other words, there is "social complexity."
This is completely different from politics, where whoever wins the vote takes everything, and democracy requires creating rules and maintaining order amidst these complex differences. There is.
Democracy used to be compatible with capitalism, but how will it change in a complex society, especially when the ``disparities'' that encourage corruption are widening?
From the viewpoint of sensitivity technology, there have been very few successful cases of large-scale national projects to date, and modern democracy is more about getting governments to do bad things than to get them to do good things. I started to think that the basic thing is to prevent this from happening. If this is the case, the opposition parties will be able to function.
According to Masatoshi Mori (Professor at the University of Tokyo), the political system of the 20th century was premised on economic expansion. Neoliberalism has always said that capitalism will develop through the vitality of the private sector, but is it possible to pursue capitalism's economic frontiers indefinitely? Earth is not infinite. Human lifespan is also finite. The final economic frontier was Mackinder's development of the Heartland.
The aim of restoring democracy through economic expansion measures has stalled. On the other hand, in the private sector, there are many requests for political assistance because no matter how hard they try, they cannot do it on their own. From this point on, complex adaptive systems should be handled through intelligent design (optimal design), which solves what needs to be done one by one. Surprisingly, examples of how university researchers and developers themselves have tackled this problem and succeeded in solving it are presented in Sections I, II, and III of ``How to See Things.''
We must realize that there are problems that cannot be solved by democracy. It is difficult to balance nuclear power and democracy. If humans cannot survive without nuclear power, then the idea that nuclear power is superior to democracy would be valid, but it would be difficult for anyone to defend nuclear power at such a risk.
When it comes to who's support is needed to promote nuclear power, it is difficult to limit the scope. It is not enough just for the local community to approve; if an accident occurs, damage will be caused to people other than the local government, and the harm can even cross national borders.
Nuclear power plants have the problem of not disclosing information, which is necessary for democracy, and being vulnerable to terrorism. In other words, the idea of democracy, in which people carry out their own decisions, has reached its limit. Energy problems (nuclear power problems) can be solved by combining new energy research and development with existing distributed energy, and by intelligent design (optimal design). To this end, it is essential to transform global society into an autonomous, decentralized energy society. Is it possible to form a consensus on this in a democracy?
Earth's society is complexly composed of many different things, and if you destroy any of them, the whole thing becomes strange . Since this is a fragile world, we need to take care of it one step at a time using the Japanese concept of ``mono no aware.'' A typical example is ``children and their poverty.''
Emmanuel Todd predicted the collapse of the Soviet Union by conducting demographic analysis based on infant and child mortality rates, and adding geopolitical and anthropological considerations.
Kyoji Watanabe (Remembrances of a Dead World, Heibonsha) has a keen eye for observing Japan.
Foreigners who came to Japan from the end of the Edo period to the Meiji period were apparently surprised to see Japanese children running around the streets making noise from morning until night. Their happy faces, frolicking in the midst of all the streets. They immerse themselves in play without worrying about traffic in the slightest. Rather, the adults were careful not to interfere with the children's play.
These were ``good times'' when the sounds of children's play echoed throughout the town. Japan's progress since then has the power to confirm the paradox of Emmanuel Todd's prediction. He says that ``birth rate and education'' are important, not mortality rate.
From now on, it will become an expression of ``Yoroku'', but in the hundred and more decades since then, residents have complained that the voices of children in the streets are ``noisy''. According to a survey conducted by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, as many as 70% of the wards, cities, towns and villages had complaints about the voices of children playing in daycare centers and parks. In this situation, all we ask of the government is for the economy and economic growth. Economic growth is a ``certain order'' and is born from ``synchronization'' with others. Let's go back to the tolerant Japanese people who are ``synchronized with others,'' as Lafcadio Hearn and other foreigners pointed out. If not, we should know that economic growth is uncertain. When I am writing this article, I often hear the "gathering sound" of children coming from the park in front of the park, which somehow sounds like a "Buddha's mantra"...
The best solution to this problem is to design a system for environmentally friendly jobs (intellectual work, agriculture, play, sports, etc.) for the elderly.
This will also lead to lower nursing care costs. A 100-year national plan requires the ``purity'' and ``vitality'' shared by young people. Without this, no matter what we do, we will be in vain, and we will not be able to usher in collective synchronicity like the ``fall of the Berlin Wall''. Elderly people should then "collaborate" with young people by providing the "knowledge and intuition" they have accumulated through their "experiential learning."
As shown in Figure 5.1, humans are ``things'' that can ``improve their consciousness'' through experiential learning When we encounter a truly new situation, we hurriedly pretend to accept it, but in reality, we run away from it, using the same old way of thinking or an extension of that. If we cannot properly grasp the newness of history before our eyes, we will not be able to create future history.
Elderly people use their ``experiential learning'' achievements and failures, and young people use their strong ``life force'' and ``power of action'' to care for the elderly. Is it possible to live a life of "collective knowledge" like this "cram school" of mutual learning?
For example, in the online space called ``open science,'' which will be discussed in a later chapter, elderly people and children can teach and be taught their own skills (techniques), which is an important requirement for online collective intelligence to be effective. Consider. The most interesting applications of online collective intelligence are in areas where, at least on the surface, there are no objective criteria for evaluation, such as the good and bad of restaurants, or new trends in movies and music, which emerge from open, orderly debate.
Figure 5.1 Reorganization of consciousness: Hierarchical structure seen from the unifying principle of religion, science, and art
(Partially modified quotation from Watanabe 1992)
From “Research on the expression of human inner sensitivity”