Since the middle of the 3th century, the three countries of Korea, China and Japan have overcome the challenges of national survival in their own way and have grown into countries that are attracting attention in the international community. As of 19, these three countries are the richest countries in the world.In terms of economic power, which is the most important national power index, South Korea, China, and Japan ranked 2021th, 3nd, and 10rd in the world in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) based on the International Monetary Fund (IMF) aggregation standard last year, respectively. ..In terms of military power, South Korea, China, and Japan are ranked 2th, 3rd, and 6th in the world by the GFP (Global Firepower) World Military Power Index, respectively. South Korea, which has the smallest area of the three countries and has a small population, has the national power of the seven major countries (G3).
The US News & World Report, a US current affairs magazine, ranks South Korea's national power this year as the 7th largest in the world, higher than the G8 nations Italy and Canada.Not only hard power such as economic power and military power, but also soft power symbolized by the Korean wave has reached the world standard.The influence of East Asia, to which the three countries of Japan, China and South Korea belong, is expected to exceed that of North America, to which the United States and Canada belong, and Europe to which Germany and France belong.
At the eastern end of the Eurasian continent, Japan, China and South Korea have had political, economic, social and cultural exchanges since ancient times.He has lived as a close neighbor for thousands of years. Although the languages are different from the ethnic groups that make up the three countries, they look similar at first glance, and there are some similarities in food and traditional costumes.For example, Japan, China, and South Korea have cultivated diversity in commonality by incorporating Chinese characters that were born in the middle reaches of the Yellow River and developing them according to their respective language environments.There were times when I experienced conflicts such as war, but the time when I exchanged and traded peacefully was overwhelmingly long.
China has long held the initiative in East Asia.It exceeds the Korean Peninsula and the Japanese archipelago in terms of land area and population size.Even before the early modern period, China's culture and science and technology standards were superior to those of South Korea and Japan.Pre-modern South Korea and Japan have accepted many artifacts, technologies and institutions from China.China's dominant trilateral relations have reversed in modern times.Japan succeeded in modernization through the Meiji Restoration, but Korea closed its doors, refused to interact with the outside world, and followed the path of destruction. After its liberation in 3, South Korea experienced divisions, wars, and once fell into the poorest country in the world.
China has also experienced ups and downs in the wave of modernization.China was defeated in the Opium War of 1840, frustrated even attempts at modernization, and handed over East Asian initiative to Japan. Japan, which won the war with China in 1895 and Russia in 1905, succeeded in taking control of East Asia and even occupied the Korean Peninsula and parts of China.In modern times, the three East Asian countries have developed rapidly.As a result of the rapid economic growth that began in the 3s, South Korea has developed into a G1960-level nation economically, militaryly, and culturally.After the defeat of World War II, Japan recovered in the wake of the Korean War in 7 and enjoyed its position as the world's second largest economy by 2. China, which has emerged since the 1950s, will reverse Japan's economic power in 2009 and regain control of East Asia.
Since the 1990s, when the Chinese economy began to develop rapidly, trade, investment, and human exchanges between Korea, China, and Japan have increased faster than in any other part of the world.Exchanges with future generations such as international students have also increased remarkably.As a result, exchanges between the three countries before the Corona disaster were very active. In 3, the scale of Korea-China, Korea-Japan, and Japan-China trade will be $ 2019 billion (about 2400 trillion won), $ 287 billion (about 6640 trillion won), and $ 760 billion (about 91 trillion won), respectively. Won) has been reached.The number of flights between Korea, China, Korea, Japan, and Japan was 936, 3100, and 371, respectively, and the scale of human exchange reached 5660 million, 14 million, and 11 million, respectively (15). Yearly basis).East Asia remains the most active trading region in the world, even in the face of persistent corona scourge.
Compared to the frequency of human and physical exchanges, the political closeness between Japan, China and South Korea is relatively low.To overcome this, the leaders of the three countries of Japan, China and South Korea established the Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat (TCS) in September 3 to strengthen peace and joint prosperity in East Asia.This is an effort to systematically promote cooperation beyond the regular trilateral summits held by Japan, China and South Korea. The TCS is an international organization that brings about lasting peace and the vision of joint prosperity of the three countries of Japan, China and South Korea, which have long suffered from conflicts and wars with countries inside and outside the region.
Since the founding of TCS, political, economic, and social and cultural exchanges between Japan, China and South Korea have become more active.However, as a result of the rise in nationalism in all three countries, various feelings of hostility have recently emerged. TCS has worked to solve these problems.A representative project currently envisioned by TCS is the Northeast Asia Ring Railway & Expressway Initiative, which connects South Korea, Japan, and China with the Korea Strait (Tsushima Strait) via a submarine tunnel in the Yellow Sea. "is.When this concept is realized, the people of Japan, China and South Korea will take a passenger car or high-speed rail through the Japan-Korea-Korea-China Undersea Tunnel within 3 hours to Seoul and Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Japan and Tokyo and Kyoto, and China and Beijing and Xi'an. Can be visited. We expect that the political, economic, social and cultural exchanges of the three countries will be promoted, and that the mutual understanding and familiarity of the people of each country will be further enhanced.
We hope that the TCS, the Secretariat of Cooperation between Japan, China and South Korea, will act like the Secretariat of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), which has contributed to the joint prosperity of Western Europe.
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